Treatment of Liver Cancer
Liver cancer, the 5th and 8th most common cancer in men and in women worldwide, respectively is a tumour that forms in the liver tissue. Although different types of liver cancer exist, hepatocellular carcinoma is the most frequent type which account for 90% of all liver cancer. A lot of cancer therapies are available for Liver Cancer which includes surgically removing the tumour (early stage) which is not possible in most of the cases, either because the cancer is in advance stage or the liver is in bad condition to permit surgery.
Other cancer therapy includes chemotherapy (given directly into the liver, chemoembolization), bland emoblization (treating tumour directly by ethanol), Cryotherapy (directly freezing and so destroying tumour), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (using radio waves to destroy the tumour). Radioembolization therapy (cutting off the blood supply to the tumour).Liver transplant, Chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Although these treatments are effective (depending on the stage of cancer) they come with their own side effects but treatment of cancer by immunotherapy using autologous Dendritic cells have shown no significant side effects in several clinical studies conducted all over the world. The field of immunotherapy protocols has improved by the identification of DC as antigen presenting cells which activate the T-cells to further induce antitumour activity.