Treatment of Bladder Cancer
Bladder (an organ that holds and releases urine) cancer can be classified as Papillary and No papillary tumours (much less common but very invasive). The Balder Cancer can develop by any one of the following reasons: Cigarette smoking, exposure to cancer-causing chemicals, the line of treatment includes: Surgery, chemotherapy, a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. These routine treatments have limited efficacy and have considerable systemic side effects. On the other hand, treatments by immunotherapy have shown to be potentially useful with no significant side effects. One of the treatments by immunotherapy is performed using the Bacilli Chalmette-Guerin vaccine (commonly known as BCG).
Another includes use of Interferon ?2b. One of the important discoveries in the field of cancer treatment is dendritic cell based therapy. These DCs when pulsed with tumour antigens (in vitro) can fight against cancer cells. This is achieved by allowing monocytes to differentiate into DCs and priming them with the tumour-specific antigens. In various studies the use of autologous Dendritic cell based therapy has shown significant improvement in a Treatment of Bladder Cancer without any significant side effects.